Skip to content
Vasant Navratri

Vasant Navratri

Vasant Navratri 2024 - Date, History, Celebrations in India

Story Of Vasant Navratri

Navratri, a nine-night celebration in India, is a lavish celebration observed in all states. There are four forms, with the most famous being Sharada, or Shardiya Navratri, celebrated after the monsoon in honour of Durga Maa, the Divine Feminine Goddess.

After King Dhruvasindu's death, his second wife Lilavati and son Sudarsana engaged in a succession battle. The fathers of Dhruvasindu's wives, King Yudhajit and King Virasena, went to war. After Virasena's death, his daughter Manorama fled to Rishi Bharadwaj with Sudarsana. Yudhajit crowned his grandson king, and Sudarsana learned the mantra "Kleem" to access divine weapons. The marriage was ruined by Yudhajit's attempt, leading to the birth of Vasant Navarathri.

Mythology tells that there are several stories surrounding the origin of Navratri.

Mahishashur, the King of Demons, declared war on the heavenly gods, leading to the birth of "Shakti," the mother of power. Goddess Durga emerged and killed Mahishasur after nine nights of intense combat, marking the tenth day of victory, Vijaya Dashami. 

Celebration of Vasant Navratri Festivals

Chaitra Navratri, a nine-day Hindu festival, begins on April 9, 2024, and is celebrated across India. It honours Goddess Durga and her divine manifestations daily, culminating with Ram Navami, the birth of Lord Rama, also known as Rama Navaratri.

Navratri, a popular holiday in India, celebrates the Hindu goddess Durga and her nine avatars, including Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandmata, Katyayani, Kaalratri, Maha Gauri, and Siddhidatri, with numerous religious events across the nation. It will be celebrated for nine days, ending on April 17 with Ram Navami celebrations.

Vasant Navratri 2024 Schedule 

9 April 2024 (Day 1)

Maa Shailputri

10 April 2024 (Day 2)

Maa Brahmacharini

11 April 2024 (Day 3)

Maa Chandraghanta

12 April 2024 (Day 4)

Maa Kushmanda

13 April 2024 (Day 5)

Maa Skandmata

14 April 2024 (Day 6)

Maa Katyayani

15 April 2024 (Day 7)

Maa Kaalratri

16 April 2024 (Day 8)

Maha Gauri

17 April 2024 (Day 9)



Items used during Navratri Festivals

These are nine essentials for Navratri from all around India:


Ghatasthapana, also known as Kalash Sthapna, marks the start of Navratri. Here, a vessel, usually made of clay or copper, is placed. The container is wrapped in mango leaves and an inverted coconut, and it holds water, rice grains, and a penny. It represents welcoming the goddess Durga, who is revered during Navratri, into one's home. The northeast corner of the home is the best location for it. 


Akhand Jyoti, a solitary lamp, shines nonstop for nine days during Navratri. It is kept at the altar, protected from the wind, and needs to be regularly refilled with ghee or oil. Akhand Jyoti is a sign for getting rid of bad energy in the home. For this ceremony, lamps made of gold, silver, or brass work well.


The conch blowing at the start of Navratri festivities is said to drive away evil and bring good vibes. When in the hands of Goddess Durga, it represents devotion, wealth, and piety. When the conch is blown during the puja, it emits cosmic energy and is placed on clean red cloth or silver pots.


Barley seeds are sown in a separate pot or around the Kalasha on the first day of Navratri. Nine different kinds of cereal seeds, representing emotions and tastes, were sown by some. By the end of Navaratri, they emerge, symbolising life and vitality, having been nurtured with trust. After being offered as Prasad, these sprouts are submerged in water on the tenth day.


During Navratri, prayers and food are offered to Goddess Durga on Copper Thali. Copper enhances the Sattva component, awakening the Five vital energies. Breaking the fast with food from this thali transfers purity into the body swiftly.


During Navratri, fasting holds spiritual and scientific significance. Devotees practise self-discipline and approach Goddess Durga through abstinence. Scientifically, fasting aids detoxification and regulates the digestive system with satvik food consumption.


Garba is a type of dance that honours Goddess Durga's divinity and strength. The dance was traditionally conducted around a large Garba Deep, which represented life in the womb of the mother. The dancing style also symbolises the life cycle, which revolves around life, death, and rebirth with Goddess Durga remaining constant, unchanging, and unbeatable.

Kanya puja

Navratri ends with Kanya Puja in north India. It is believed that young girls are a form of Goddess Durga. Hence on the 8 or 9th Day of Navratri, small girls are worshipped. The girls are the most auspicious, jagrat and divine souls. Navratri is considered incomplete without Kanya Puja


Goddess Durga is offered a saree and a portion of a blouse during Navratri. Offering a saree to the goddess is a way for followers to pray to her for blessings and spiritual development. This Panchopachara puja is associated with the goddess' unidentified form. This ritual brings the attributeless form of the Goddess into manifestation. Online retailers sell Maheshwari and Kasavu sarees.

Vasant Navaratri Nine Nights of the Goddess

Maa Shailputri

After her self-immolation, Goddess Parvati took birth as Lord Himalaya's daughter. In this form, she was Maa Shailputri. In Sanskrit, Shail means mountain. Hence, Shailputri means the daughter of the mountain. Goddess Shailputri is worshipped on the first day of Navratri.

Maa Brahmacharini

Maa Parvati took birth at the home of Daksha Prajapati after her Kushamnada form. Goddess Parvati was a great Sati in this avatar, and her unmarried form was worshipped as Goddess Brahmacharini. The Goddess governs Lord Mangal, the provider of all fortunes. She did great penance to attain Lord Shiva as her husband. During her penance, she spent 1,000 years on a diet of flowers and fruits and another 100 years on leafy vegetables while sleeping on the floor.

 Maa Chandraghanta

Goddess Chandraghanta is the married avatar of Maa Parvati. After marrying Lord Shiva, the Goddess adorned her forehead with a half or crescent moon and was known as Maa Chandraghanta. She governs Shukra and is worshipped on the third day of Navratri.

Maa Kushmanda

Goddess Parvati started living inside the Sun's centre after taking the Siddidatri form so the Sun could release energy to the universe. Maa Kushmanda has the power and capability to live inside the Sun, and the glow and radiance of her body are as luminous as that of the Sun. The Goddess has eight hands and is known as Ashtabhuja Devi.

Maa Skandamata

When Goddess Parvati became Lord Skanda/Lord Kartikeya's mother, she was known as Maa Skandamata. Devotees who worship this form of Goddess Parvati also get the blessings of Lord Kartikeya. Goddess Skandamata mounts the ferocious lion and carries baby Murugan in her lap. She also sits on the Lotus flower and is known as Goddess Padmasana.

Maa Katyayani

To destroy the demon Mahishasura, Goddess Parvati took the form of Goddess Katyayani. It was the most violent form of Goddess Parvati, also known as Warrior Goddess. Maa Katyayani is worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri. According to Drik Panchang, Goddess Parvati was born at the home of sage Katya and due to this, this form of Goddess Parvati is known as Katyayani.

Maa Kalaratri

When Goddess Parvati removed her golden skin to kill the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha, she was known as Goddess Kalaratri. She is known as the fiercest form of Goddess Parvati. Maa Kalaratri's complexion is dark, and she rides on a donkey. She is depicted with four hands - her right hands are in Abhaya and Varada Mudra, and her left hands carry a sword and the deadly iron hook.

Maa Mahagauri

At the age of sixteen, Goddess Shailputri was extremely beautiful and blessed with a fair complexion. Due to this, she was known as Goddess Mahagauri. She governs the planet, Rahu. Due to her fair skin tone, Goddess Mahagauri is compared with the conch, the moon and the white flower of Kunda. She is also known as Shwetambardhara, as she only wears white clothes.

Maa Siddhidatri

According to Hindu scriptures, Lord Rudra prayed to the formless Adi-Parashakti - the supreme Goddess of Power - at the universe's beginning for creation. She appeared in the form of Maa Siddhidatri from the left half of Lord Shiva, after which Lord Shiva got the name Ardha-Narishwar. She is the Goddess who possesses and bestows all types of Siddhis to her devotees.

Previous article Vishukkani - 2024
Next article Ugadi Festival